Graffito from the 20th year of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III from Saqqara

Graffito dated to year 20, month 3 of peret season, day 2 of reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III is a visitor's inscription left in the Step Pyramid's South Chamber by Nakhtwer(?) on behalf of a group of scribes mentioned by names.


  • Quibell James Edward, Firth Cecil M., Excavations at Saqqara. The Step Pyramid. Volume I. - Text, Le Caire 1935, 80 [F]
  • Peden Alexander J., The Graffiti of Pharaonic Egypt: Scope and Roles of Informal Writings (c.3100-332 BC), Probleme der Ägyptologie 17, Leiden, Boston, Köln 2001, 62 n. 18
  • Wildung Dietrich, Die Rolle ägyptischer Könige im Bewusstsein ihrer Nachwelt: Posthume Quellen über die Könige der ersten vier Dynastien, Münchner ägyptologische Studien 17, Berlin 1969, 66
  • Navrátilová Hana, The Visitors’ Graffiti of Dynasties XVIII and XIX in Abusir and Northern Saqqara, Prague 2007, 90-92, pls 19, 42b