Hermopolis (ẖmnw)

temple enclosure

Location

Nome: 15th Upper Egyptian nome

Geographical coordinates: 27°47′ N / 30°48′ E

Hermopolis was located on the east bank of the Nile, in a flat cultivated area. The site was at some distance to the river and therefore connected to the Nile by a canal.

Description

Almost nothing survived from the reign of Hatshepsut. Only one block has been reported so far as containing the erased name of Hatshepsut.[1]

The name of Hermopolis appears twice in private contexts. On the second stela of Djehuti the official bears the title Overseer of Prophets in Hermopolis (jmj-r ḥm.w-nṯr m ẖmn.w). This name also appears on the limestone ostracon found in Deir el-Bahari,[2] where, among the workers, Teti from ẖmn.w is named. From the time of Thutmose III the statue of the king is attested.[3]

A.H. Gardiner supposes that the fragment of the inscription preserved on the architrave in Speos Artemidos refers to the temple in Hermopolis.[4] Hatshepsut, mentioning Great Thoth, speaks: "I have build his great temple of the white limestone of Aynu, its gates 28being of travertine of Hut-nebu, its doors of Asiatic copper and its figures inlayed with electrum, holy to bear the High of Two Feathers. I have [magni]fied 29the Majesty of this god with his two festivals: the feast of Neheb-kau and the Festival of Thoth, which I have re-established for him anew, for 30they had been in the mouth, but not in his festival calendar since the conduct of the festival was made one. I have doubled for him the divine offering, in excess 31of that which had been before, as my deed for the Ocdoad."[5]

Footnotes

  1. ^ 125: Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings IV. Lower and Middle Egypt: Delta and Cairo to Asyûṭ - - 1934 - Porter, Bertha, Moss, Rosalind L.B.; 573: Grabungsbericht Hermopolis 1932 - - - Balcz, H., Bittel, K..
  2. ^ 612: A Selection of Tuthmoside Ostraca from Dēr El-Baḥri - - - Hayes, William C..
  3. ^ Egyptian Museum, Cairo JE 35120, 542: Fouilles à Achmounéîn - - - Chabân, Mohammed Effendi.
  4. ^ 587: Davies’s Copy of the Great Speos Artemidos Inscription - - - Gardiner, Alan H..
  5. ^ 726: The Speos Artemidos Inscription of Hatshepsut - - - Allen, James P.; translation by Filip Taterka.

Jadwiga Iwaszczuk

Exploration

Explorer/Institution working previously: Deutsche Hermopolis-Expedition

Ancient people connected to the site: Djehuti , Teti ,

Objects:

Bibliography:

  • Balcz H., Bittel K., Grabungsbericht Hermopolis 1932, in: Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo III, 1932, 23