Wadi Shatt er-Regal
graffiti area, quarry
Nome: 1st Upper Egyptian nome
Geographical coordinates: 24º41´N / 32º55´E
Wadi goes from the Nile westwards to the desert, its average width is 40m and its height changes from 4 to 30m.
Wadi Shatt er-Regal was a source of sandstone, although the extraction of stone was rather limited and was attested only at the entrance to the wadi. In this area, as well as on the surrounding plateau, over 800 graffiti were found. They show that the wadi was attractive for the rulers of the early 18th dynasty, as inscriptions mentioning names of Amenhotep I, Hatshepsut, Thutmose I, II and III are present there.
The best known inscription can be dated to the reign of Mentuhotep II Nebhepetra and on the right side of the same rock first of the inscriptions made by one of the officials acting during the early years of Hatshepsut, the Overseer of Works of Amenhotep I, Hatshepsut, Thutmose I, II and III, Ah-mes Pen-iati can be found.
The reason for Pen-iati's visits in Wadi Shatt er-Regal remains unknown, H.E. Winlock and A. Peden supposed that he went there to see the inscriptions from the reign of Mentuhotep II. However, taking into account that officials of the queen usually left their inscriptions in areas of quarries and mines, it seems more likely that this region, known very early in the history judging by the inscriptions, was interesting for Hatshepsut as a source of stone, perhaps extracted for a special purpose.
- ^ 270: Stones and Quarries in Ancient Egypt - - 2008 - Klemm, Rosemarie, Klemm, Dietrich D..
- ^ 393: Wadi Schatt er-Rigale, in: Wolfgang Helck, Eberhard Otto (eds.), Lexikon der Ägyptologie. Band VI, Stele-Zypresse - - 1986 - Caminos, Ricardo A..
- ^ 171: An Historical Monument - - 1881 - Eisenlohr, A..
- ^ 162: A season in Egypt, 1887 - - 1888 - Petrie, William Matthew Flinders.
- ^ 395: The Rise and Fall of the Middle Kingdom of Thebes - - 1947 - Winlock, Herbert Eustis; 72: The Graffiti of Pharaonic Egypt: Scope and Roles of Informal Writings (c.3100-332 BC) - - 2001 - Peden, Alexander J..
Explorer/Institution working previously: , Sayce, A.-H., Eisenlohr, A., William Matthew Flinders Petrie, Francis Llewellyn Griffith
Ancient people connected to the site: Ah-mes ,
- Petrie William Matthew Flinders, A season in Egypt, 1887, London 1888, 14-15, pls XIV , XV 
- Caminos Ricardo A., Epigraphy in the Field, in: Assmann Jan, Davies W. Vivian, Burkard Günter (eds.), Problems and Priorities in Egyptian Archaeology, London, New York 1987, pl. 13B
- Sethe Kurt, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie. Historisch-biographische Urkunden, Leipzig 1906, 51.13-52.8
- Porter Bertha, Moss Rosalind L.B., Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings V. Upper Egypt: Sites (Deir Rîfa to Aswân, Excluding Thebes and the Temples of Abydos, Dendera, Esna, Edfu, Kôm Ombo and Philae), 2nd ed., Oxford 1962, 207
- Caminos Ricardo A., Wadi Schatt er-Rigale, in: Wolfgang Helck, Eberhard Otto (eds.), Lexikon der Ägyptologie. Band VI, Stele-Zypresse, Wiesbaden 1986, 1119-1124
- Peden Alexander J., The Graffiti of Pharaonic Egypt: Scope and Roles of Informal Writings (c.3100-332 BC), Probleme der Ägyptologie 17, Leiden, Boston, Köln 2001, 81-82
- Klemm Rosemarie, Klemm Dietrich D., Stones and Quarries in Ancient Egypt, London 2008, 177-178